28XII. Now mark, also, his incredible folly. I have no objection; I even thank you for doing so, with whatever intent you do it. Then he was a good man, and one worthy of the republic. For I have received more than twenty millions of sesterces in inheritances. If he was merciful, why was he not merciful to his own relations? X. But you, elated and insolent, disregarding all the respect due to the auspices, led a colony to Casilinum, whither one had been previously led a few years before; in order to erect your standard there, and to mark out the line of the new colony with a plough. and that you yourself submitted a motion to the people, that a fifth day should be added besides, in honour of Cæsar? Behold, the day of the comitia for the election of Dolabella arrives. for the letters are written by an amanuensis. and the whole of your charge amounts to this, that I do not express a bad opinion of you in those letters; that in them I wrote as to a citizen, and as to a virtuous man, not as to a wicked man and a robber. Although it was fear that was then making you a good citizen, which is never a lasting teacher of duty; your own audacity, which never departs from you as long as you are free from fear, has made you a worthless one. Then the second class. The next topic on the agenda is the festival of the Lupercalia on 15 February 44 BCE. You must unquestionably allow, that the cause of that ruinous war existed in your person. 34XIV. . Many feel that he did not have a (or any) viable vision for the Roman commonwealth beyond installing himself as quasi-omnipotent dictator. What greater honour had he obtained than that of having a holy cushion, an image, a temple, and a priest? His attack is three-pronged: a brief reference back to the close shave he had at Capua with disgruntled locals treated at the end of the previous paragraph; dissolute living to the point of self-harm; and dissolute squandering of public patrimony on undeserving mates, thus inflicting harm on everyone else and the commonwealth as such. And that language of mine was well known to many people,—“I wish, O Cnæus Pompeius, that you had either never joined in a confederacy with Caius Cæsar, or else that you had never broken it off. Those who invested much in the commonwealth ought to see their efforts rewarded; those who harmed the civic community ought to suffer accordingly. You have assigned, O Antonius, two thousand acres of land, in the Leontine district, to Sextus Clodius, the rhetorician, and those, too, exempt from every kind of tax, for the sake of putting the Roman people to such a vast expense that you might learn to be a fool. Does not he restore to the full possession of his former privileges the most worthless man possible,—one who would not hesitate to play at dice even in the forum, and who had been convicted under the law which exists respecting gambling,—does not he declare in the most open manner his own propensities? What deed was ever more deservedly recommended to the everlasting recollection of men? A Level Latin Group 1 text 2020 & 2021. For you had not picked it up when lying on the ground, but you had brought it from home with you, a premeditated and deliberately planned wickedness. 13.41 Cicero suggests that Antony as good as murdered Caesar on that day by trying to crown him with a diadem. more shameful than this? In the first (Quod si se … impetum fecerunt), Cicero looks back: he assesses the assassination of Caesar against similar events in Roman history, reaching the conclusion that the recent act of tyrannicide outshines all precedents. 71XXIX. It is a case in which it ought not to appear so delightful to me not to have been killed by you, as miserable, that it should have been in your power to do such a thing with impunity. That, indeed, was proper. 1 of 1 translations. You came from Gaul to stand for the quæstorship. who was there who did not grieve that he was so late in finding out how worthless a man he had been following? And accordingly, what place did you obtain about Cæsar’s person after his return from Africa? However, grant that you did give me what you did not take away from me; and that I have my life as a present from you, since it was not taken from me by you; was it possible for me, after all your insults, to regard that kindness of yours as I regarded it at first, especially after you saw that you must hear this reply from me? In the battle in Spain he even received a wound. But that eloquent man does not perceive that the man against whom he is speaking is being praised by him, and that those before whom he is speaking are being attacked by him. More: English to English translation of philippic A philippic (/fɪˈlɪpɪk/) is a fiery, damning speech, or tirade, delivered to condemn a particular political actor. You recollect yourself, what you said about the exiles; you know what you said about the exemption; but the best thing of all was, that you for ever abolished the name of the dictatorship in the republic. And what a return was that of yours from Narbo? It is impossible but that, were you ever so drunk and frantic,—as in truth you are,—when the recollection of the appearance of that illustrious man comes across you, you should be roused from sleep by your fears, and often stirred up to madness if awake. Antony reacted to Cicero’s First Philippic of 2 September 44 by declaring himself henceforth Cicero’s enemy, and he called a meeting of the senate for 19 September to deliver his response (5.19). 1 of 5 editions. When was such wickedness ever heard of as existing upon earth? 110XLIII. His abject failure to articulate himself in supple and muscular speech stands in dismal contrast to the heights of eloquence achieved by his grandfather — Antony is the sad offspring of a once great family. 86Moreover, you even sought to move his pity; you threw yourself at his feet as a suppliant; begging for what? Designed to stretch and stimulate readers, Ingo Gildenhard’s volume will be of particular interest to students of Latin studying for A-Level or on undergraduate courses. Are you waiting for me to prick you more? The first of January arrives. When you recollected that all this was done by me, would you have dared to provoke me by abuse if you had not been trusting to those swords which we behold? However, let us return to the subject of Cæsar’s written papers. Moreover, I also, when Pompeius had now devoted to the service of Cæsar all his own power, and all the power of the Roman people, and had begun when it was too late to perceive all those things which I had foreseen long before, and when I saw that a nefarious war was about to be waged against our country, I never ceased to be the adviser of peace, and concord, and some arrangement. Where did the diadem come from? And if there is one good thing that the Roman people have learned from the evils inflicted by Caesar it is a more skeptical disposition towards self-styled leaders — and the willingness to do away with those that turn out to be tyrants. Remember that time when Curio, the father, lay weeping in his bed; his son throwing himself at my feet with tears recommended to me you; he entreated me to defend you against his own father, if he demanded six millions of sesterces of you; for that he had been bail for you to that amount. Declaravit id modo temeritas C. Caesaris, qui omnia iura divina et humana pervertit propter eum quem sibi ipse opinionis errore finxerat principatum. 24However, two occasions did arise, on which I gave Pompeius advice against Cæsar. oh how intolerable is his impudence, his debauchery, and his lust! However, let us return to your progress, and to Italy. 27Was Cnæus Domitius spurred on to seek to recover his dignity, not by the death of his father, a most illustrious man, nor by the death of his uncle, nor by the deprivation of his own dignity, but by my advice and authority? Are you not ashamed to dwell so long in that house? The term originates with Demosthenes, who delivered an attack on Philip II of Macedon in the 4th century BCE. But who was ever found before, except Publius Clodius, to find fault with my consulship? ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. For you thought the camp the only refuge on earth for indigence, and debt, and profligacy,—for all men, in short, who were in a state of utter ruin. addressed to the people. 10However, what was the object of your addressing these entreaties to me, if the man for whom you were entreating was already restored by a law of Cæsar’s? And I advise you to consider carefully what you intend to do with reference to this bond. It was I who supplied him with a pretext for civil war; it was I who proposed mischievous laws; it was I who took up arms against the consuls and generals of the Roman people, against the senate and people of Rome, against the gods of the country, against its altars and hearths, against the country itself. M. TVLLI CICERONIS PHILIPPICAE. 94For who ever was a more bitter enemy to another than Cæsar was to Deiotarus? The one conduct would have become your dignity, and the other would have been suited to your prudence.” This, O Marcus Antonius, was at all times my advice both respecting Pompeius and concerning the republic. And do you dare taunt me with the name of that man whose friend you admit that I was, and whose assassin you confess yourself? … And yet you, as if you had wiped off all the soot and smoke in the ensuing days, carried those excellent resolutions in the Capitol, that no document conferring any exemption, or granting any favour, should be published after the ides of March. 70But how constantly does he harp on the expression “the consul Antonius!” This amounts to say “that most debauched consul,” “that most worthless of men, the consul.” For what else is Antonius? Gravity. I defended the republic as a young man, I will not abandon it now that I am old. And there is also a feeling of urgency: Cicero is loath to linger too long on Antony’s youthful depravities in his hurry... §§ 48–50a are devoted to Antony’s public career in the 50s BCE. 88XXXV. This commentary on Cicero’s Philippics 1-2 (with Latin text) by John T. Ramsey (Professor of Classics, University of Illinois at Chicago) continues a course of renewed interest in the Philippics: two Italian commentaries on speeches 3 and 13 respectively have appeared recently, 1 and Brill’s Companion to Cicero. For where can you be safe in peace? When Marcus Bibulus, a most illustrious citizen, was consul, I omitted nothing which I could possibly do or attempt to draw off Pompeius from his union with Cæsar. Start studying Latin Language Translation - Cicero, Philippics - 20-29 GRAMMAR. sumpsisti virilem, quam statim muliebrem togam reddidisti. He did not know which way to turn. He himself well knows what I allude to. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. And yet by custom, O conscript fathers, we have become inured and callous to these things. 103After this violation of all religious observances, you hasten off to the estate of Marcus Varro, a most conscientious and upright man, at Casinum. Volume 1: Introduction, Text and Translation, References and Indexes. Why do not they who are in similar misfortune enjoy a similar degree of your mercy? All men, therefore, are guilty as far as this goes. This book is endorsed by OCR for the Latin AS and A-Level* prescription of Cicero's Philippic II, sections 44–50 and 78–92, and the A-Level prescription of sections 100–119, giving the full Latin text, a commentary and full vocabulary, with an introduction that also covers the prescribed text … But I was desirous that those most illustrious men, the lights of the republic, should live: so many men of consular rank, so many men of prætorian rank, so many most honourable senators; and besides them all the flower of our nobility and of our youth; and the armies of excellent citizens. It is an incredible thing to say, but still it was only too notorious at the time, that he returned nobody’s salutation; especially as he had two men of Anagnia with him, Mustela and Laco; one of whom had the care of his swords, and the other of his drinking cups. 1I. My colleague too, your own uncle, would have called himself so. It was, indeed, a great thing that we, differing as we did respecting the general interests of the republic, should continue in uninterrupted friendship. In that man were combined genius, method, memory, literature, prudence, deliberation, and industry. Which act appeared to show that you had conceived such a hatred of kingly power that you took away all fear of it for the future, on account of him who had been the last dictator. 75XXX. 5III. I have replied to your heaviest accusations, I must now also reply to the rest of them. . As if he could not play with a condemned man; but in reality, in order to pay by a straining of the law in his favour, what he had lost by the dice. The spear was set up in front of the temple of Jupiter Stator, and the property of Cnæus Pompeius Magnus—(miserable that I am, for even now that my tears have ceased to flow, my grief remains deeply implanted in my heart,)—the property, I say, of Cnæus Pompeius the Great was submitted to the pitiless voice of the auctioneer. For just consider a little; and for a moment think of the business like a sober man. After that, I was treated with respect by you, and you received attentions from me in your canvass for the quæstorship. He went from Egypt to the furthest extremity of Gaul before he returned home. It extends beyond detailed linguistic analysis to encourage critical engagement with Cicero, his oratory, the politics of late-republican Rome, and the transhistorical import of Cicero’s politics of verbal (and physical) violence. The latter includes references to architectural features (limen, per tegulas), ways and means of exit (eiecit)... After the delusional image of marital stability that concluded § 44, matters fell apart in § 45: Curiopaterand Curiofiliushave both been reduced to tears, even though the reasons for their emotional incontinence differ drastically: the former is laid low by a bout of depression at his inability to check his son’s self-destructive infatuation with Antony (a case of senile dementia), the latter wails at Cicero’s feet in an effort to protect his beloved (call it penile dementia). Although, indeed, (as your most intimate friends usually say,) you are in the habit of declaiming, not for the purpose of whetting your genius, but of working off the effects of wine. In truth, such a defence is full of filial affection. But he also read letters which he said that I had sent to him, like a man devoid of humanity and ignorant of the common usages of life. a man who, even without the assistance of these other most illustrious men, would have accomplished this same deed in Cilicia, at the mouth of the river Cydnus, if Cæsar had brought his ships to that bank of the river which he had intended, and not to the opposite one. But, above all, my consulship was approved of by Cnæus Pompeius, who, when he first saw me, as he was leaving Syria, embracing me and congratulating me, said, that it was owing to my services that he was about to see his country again. oh the monstrous impudence of such an assertion! But how blind is avarice! “I know nothing,” you will say, “about him, except what farms he had.” Therefore, he, disinheriting his brother, made you his heir. Yes, your consulship, forsooth, is a salutary one for the state, mine a mischievous one. Cicero, Philippic II, A Selection, ed. Although there could not be provided checks enough, nor were the books able to contain their names. None of those men of former times was a voluntary enemy to me; all of them were attacked by me for the sake of the republic. While he was alive he deprived him of all these things; now that he is dead, he gives them back again. Would you then have slain the man whom the conqueror himself, who conferred on you, as you used to boast, the chief rank among all his robbers, had desired to be safe, and had enjoined to go to Italy? I know that I am only speaking of matters which have been discussed in every one’s conversation, and that the things which I am saying and am going to say are better known to every one who was in Italy at that time, than to me, who was not. 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