Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. 4. These deer have large ears, which look very much like those of a mule. It has a larger area of white above their tail. If you have any other questions about the differences in mule deer and whitetail deer or just want to connect, feel free to email me at Patrick.Long@omegaoutdoors.net. The mule deer simply adds more distance in the belief that its fleetness of foot will give it … Mule deer buck racks are bifurcated. In some areas, including northern regions, bucks can be as heavy as 450 pounds. But when they do come in contact, their differences in breeding behavior further reduce the chance that they will interbreed. Easier said than done. That said, the spots will start to fade when the animal is just one month old in both Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer. Generally, mule deer have larger antlers than whitetail do. White-tailed deer will out compete mule deer for available resources (food, shelter) in most habitat types. Habitat and Habits. Most deer may look the same to the untrained eye, but whitetail and mule deer have some striking differences. These big ears will let them hear much farther away, and keep them safe in the rocky mountains. Male is polygamous; rut runs Oct.–Dec. Mule deer, on the other hand, have only existed for around 10,000 years. Among the species of deer native to North America we can find the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus).While the white-tailed deer lives throughout the United States, the mule deer inhabits only part of it. Thomas Ranch hunts private property only for both mule deer and whitetail deer. Mule deer have a white patch on their face that goes all the way down to its nose and down the neck. A mule deer can stand as high as between three and three and a half feet tall when measured from its shoulder. /*footer link color*/a.footer {color: #D1B180;}/*footer hover link color*/a.footer:hover {color: #D1C580;}. Mule Deer mating season takes place between about middle to late November of each year. Mule deer are larger than whitetail deer, usually weighing between 100 and 220 pounds. Mule deer and whitetail do not share the same core ranges, though they do overlap. Male White-Tailed Deer Female White-Tailed Deer White-Tailed Deer. When they sense danger, whitetail deer lift their tails, exposing the patch as they run away. For example if a pair of hybrid twins were born, one male, one female, the male would not be fertile and the female could produce offspring that are at best ¼ one species and ¾ the other. Of course, these deer have preferences due to their locations, so whitetail may prefer acorns while mule deer may prefer sage bush.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_9',114,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_10',114,'0','1'])); The two species have slightly different reproductive processes. Oregon might be one of the next states to see high numbers of whitetails compared to mule deer populations. Mark Kenyon Topics. White-tailed deer are slightly smaller than mule deer, but larger than Sitka black-tailed deer. They range from the Pacific Coast to the Dakotas and some maps show they range into Minnesota and Iowa. There is an obvious physical distinction between mule deer vs. whitetail deer, but how do you properly scout and hunt each species? So here I will dive into everything different between these two species so that you can quickly identify them and become a better hunter. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. The tail is itself is white as well, though it is tipped with black. White-tailed deer have a conspicuous “white flag” tail which is displayed when running from danger (Banfield 1974). Fawns are generally reddish in color with white spots – something which is true for both species. Though they share a lot of similarities, you can notice plenty of minute differences in their appearance, their behavior, and the geographic locations they occupy. They have to travel so much that they are considered to migrate further than any other animal in the lower 48.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-leader-1','ezslot_4',113,'0','0'])); Whitetail are typically fairly skittish animals. Mule deer bucks at the heaviest range can weigh as much as 450 pounds or more. Lives in forests, desert shrubs, thickets of shrubs, trees, grasslands, plains, foothills, and river bottoms. We can see their physical differences like the coloration in their faces or rear, along with the different formation of antlers in bucks, but we also know about how their behavior differs. Ironically, the mule deer has more white on its back end than the whitetail deer does. Maximum antler size occurs between 5–7 years of age. Of course, hunting pressure is zero. If you have the angle, the rear of the deer can also give you an insight as to which species it is. The different-looking black-tailed deer of the pacific northwest is actually a type (subspecies) of mule deer. For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. After that, she will usually have two fawns at a time. Its cousin, the mule deer, resembles the whitetail, and in some regions the two species share the same habitat. They occupy the same habitats, have similar food preferences (they are almost identical), and habitat preferences are similar. Horns They do not spook as easily. Subsequently, mule deer numbers have historically fluctuated, primarily in response to climatic and habitat condit… Describe an ideal habitat for Mule Deer. The tail is itself is white as well, though it is tipped with black. That tail is what gives the White-tailed deer its name. Whitetail Deer vs Mule Deer. This mule deer got his butt kicked by this whitetail in northern Utah. Mule deer tend to have a surprisingly relaxed attitude and are generally less wary of hunters and humans. The gestation period for whitetail deer lasts six and a half months. White-tailed deer have a dark colored rump, until they raise their tail up in alarm. Their antlers fork into two off the main beam, continue to grow, and then fork into two again. Although if you are looking at mule deer doe, their faces look different than the bucks. Both continue to grow and fork again from there. Whitetail deer mate between late November and early December. When mule deer run, they tend to bound in a kind of hopping motion, with stiff legs. Describe an ideal habitat for Mule Deer. Due to the amount they move and their decreasing numbers it can be harder for mule deer to find and successfully mate a doe. This is when you spot a mule deer from one place (probably far away) and sneak around to somewhere that presents a shot on said mule deer. The whitetail deer has more of a reddish hue to its coat.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-medrectangle-3','ezslot_11',108,'0','0'])); And during the summer whitetail shed their fall coats in favor of a lighter, even redder, summer coat. Plus, learning everything you can about the topic is the only way to become a better hunter. 2. Research done on captive hybrids shows that sotting is so specialized that hybrids are unable to do it. Whitetail focus on speed and darting away as fast as possible to put distance between them and the threat, whereas mule deer use sotting to get away. 4. Both shed their antlers annually. Mule deer have much larger ears than their whitetail cousins. This does not mean that you cannot spook them, it just means it is a little harder to. Reddish-brown to blue-gray or tan coloring; underside of tail is white, producing a “flag” when raised off the rump. Male hybrids are always sterile, although females tend to be fertile and can mate with their parent species. are different. You’ll love the mouthwatering corn-fed texture and flavor of our whitetail and mule deer. Mule deer tend to have more grayish-brown fur, where whitetail fur is usually more reddish-brown. Furthermore, we’ll consider distinctions between both male and female deer, where the different species are found in the world, as well as some of the unique characteristics of each species. They tend not to spook as easy as whitetails. Whitetail deer have one main beam from which all other tines emerge. Whitetails gallop rather than hop. Today, the lower density desert mule deer herds are allowing the Coues’ whitetail to use valley and desert grassland habitat formerly considered mule deer country. The face of the mule deer is predominantly white … Starting with the first thing you may see, the face of a mule deer looks different from the face of a whitetail. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. Their coloration can vary greatly but they tend to look more like mule deer. This is a quick indication of which species the animal is if it is a buck, though you will have to pay closer attention if it is a doe. Underneath they are bright white and the white-tailed deer uses that bright white tail to signal to other deer that there is danger in the area as they run away. Maximum antler size occurs between 5–7 years of age. Mule Deer We have a good population of quality Mule Deer and habitat. Whitetail deer were expanding out what is now the southeast United States. are different. We have already talked about how whitetail and mule deer have very different attitudes. Mature racks of mule deer bucks are generally broader and extend higher than the racks of equivalent whitetails. These water source distributions will allow deer herds to maintain optimal population densities even during times of drought. Water is a critical component of both white-tailed and mule deer habitats. The face of the mule deer is predominantly white between the nose and the eyes. The content created by Omega Outdoors is strictly the opinion of the author and is for entertainment purposes only. Black-tailed deer are also found in the West, but they are actually a subspecies of mule deer. Mule Deer vs Whitetail Deer . Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) - Range. We can do this by climbing up in a tree stand or sitting in a ground blind. That tail is what gives the White-tailed deer its name. This may be the result of introgression , although hybrids between the mule deer and white-tailed deer are rare in the wild (apparently more common locally in West Texas ), and the hybrid survival rate is low even in captivity. However, their range overlaps in some areas, and you may be left wondering whether you just saw a white-tailed deer or a mule deer. Whitetail and mule deer are very similar and from time to time they do interbreed. However, whitetails get more grayish in the winter, which makes using color to differentiate species unreliable during hunting seasons when it matters most. Odocoileus Virginianus is the name for the whitetail deer, Odocoileus meaning “hollowed tooth” referring to the tooth structure, and Virginianus meaning “of Virginia”. This particular mammal can live up to 11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) range from Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory. Mule deer mating season takes place between mid to late November every year. How many species of deer are there in North America? The mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk, caribou and moose. While there are differences between Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer, there are also plenty of similarities. The blacktail deer then split off a subspecies, the mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus), which is the youngest living deer species, arising 10,000 years ago. Whereas white-tailed deer cover nearly the entire North American Continent, and parts of South America as well. Mule deer usually weigh between 100 and 220 pounds. Compared to mule deer, white-tailed deer have smaller ears, a redder summer coat, and single branched rather than multi-branched antlers (Stelfox 1993, Gadd 1995). Also, where the Eastern whitetail would run himself to … Both continue to grow and fork again from there. White-tailed Deer Wildlife Profiles—North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Q&A 1. The head of a mule deer and whitetail are very different when you look at them in detail. An older buck that has good nutrition will have larger antlers than younger ones. Mule deer also have a dark forehead. Whitetails gallop rather than hop. Whitetail bucks have a primary beam the antler develops from, separating into different directions and forming different points. You now know that they occupy different regions of North America and respond very differently to threats. Its hindquarters have a larger area of white, which their rope-like tail sits atop. So the blacktail and mule deer are the same species, but the mulie is a subspecies of the blacktail, and they are both close cousins to the whitetail. Whitetails don't do that. They will later split once more to make a greater number of tines (tines are points on the antlers). You’ll notice that there are very obvious physical differences between a whitetail deer and a mule deer when you look close enough. Mule deer get their name from their ears. The first season a doe gives birth, she normally has just one fawn. For starters, whitetail deer have their rut from November to about early December, and Mule deer have their rut only during the month of November. Their ears. As mentioned in the previous section, though, their fur does become a bit grayish during the winter months. Water use varies by season and habitat conditions. Whitetail live in the lowlands, which have plenty of food and manageable winters. If you have any questions or would just like to strike up a conversation feel free to shoot me an email at Patrick.long@omegaoutdoors.net, How to Use a Whitetail Deer Decoy During the Rut. Even so, in bad times Texas is home to 100,000 desert mule deer. Antlers branch equally. For around 4 million years they have existed nearly unchanged. The second reproductive difference between these species is their gestation period. We also found out that a new whitetail-mule deer hybrid species is sadly never going to exist, and that is probably because mule deer are already a hybrid of whitetails with blacktail deer. Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer are closely related cousins sharing the same generic name. My goal is to teach every single one of my readers something new in every piece of content I make. Whitetail deer tend to have more babies than mule deer. We’ll consider the differences in size, coloring, mating habits, antlers, habitat, and behavior. Except the mule deer doe has a lighter face. Lastly, whitetail does need to be 6 to 8 months old in order to breed, but mule deer does have to be 18 months old to reach sexual maturity. Female whitetail deer can breed as young as six months old. If there was a sudden noise or flash of movement, whitetail are sure to throw up their tail and run a few yards away. All Rights Reserved. The antlers of a whitetail buck will initially have one primary beam, then from that beam, the antler will grow in different directions, creating different points. The ears are the next giveaway, especially if you are looking at a doe. Its ears sit at approximately a 30-degree angle on the animal’s head. Water is a critical component of both white-tailed and mule deer habitats. According to the Colorado Div. Those familiar with the somewhat crowded and close-range whitetail deer hunting of the East will find mule deer hunting a wide-open pleasure. The tail is rope-like and white with a black tip. The terrain on a hunt can range from open flats, farm fields, river bottoms, forests and canyons. So they do not have to move very much to find food no matter what time of year it is. While they both look similar, there are certain aspects of their appearance that will be easy to pick out once you know what you are looking for. Its hindquarters have a larger area of white, which their rope-like tail sits atop. Describe what happens in a habitat during years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is less than needed. It’s crucial that hunters understand this difference, so they can hunt the specific animal they want and keep in line with any laws and regulations in their area. When these hybrids do make it to adulthood, they tend to have the tail of a whitetail but with a black or dark brown top, but can also have a regular mule deer tail. However, the species are different as for some of … This should provide a complete whitetail deer vs mule deer comparison. 3. According to the Colorado Div. A whitetail deer can easily spend its life inside a square mile. So the mule deer soon took over and dominated the area. So we sit and wait for a whitetail to present a shooting opportunity while staying undetected. This means that as they grow, they fork off in two different directions. You can differentiate them from their whitetail cousin by looking at their ears. It has a narrow patch of bright white beneath this. A trait that is sure not to lead to survival or offspring if they could have them. Coues’ whitetails in New Mexico are smaller than mule deer and have a delicate appearance. Mule deer are slightly more accepting to hunters and pressure. I am a college student and avid outdoorsmen in the great state of Georgia. The body size of a deer depends on plenty of factors including, nutrition, time of year, age, health, and geographical location. Of course, hunting pressure is zero. Omega Outdoors is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Conditions are harsh and the population fluctuates widely depending on rainfall. This particular mammal can live up to 11 years in the wild and up to 20 years in captivity. Both shed their antlers annually. Body size alone is not a factor we can use to separate mule deer and whitetail deer. 2. Whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. When running, muleys have a stiff-legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have. For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. Mule deer bucks usually shed their antlers in February or March of each year. A popular form of mule deer hunting is spot and stalk. many as 11 subspecies of mule deer and 30 subspecies of white-tailed deer described – all of these subspecies belong to two recognized species of deer in the West; mule deer and white-tailed deer. Mule deer also have forked antlers, which we call “bifurcated antlers”. –Deer harvest recommendation / tag issuance –General correspondence about wildlife and habitat management •Does NOT require –A wildlife management plan, deer population data, or habitat practices be conducted –Or to work with a TPWD biologist •Applicable to white-tailed deer only •September 1 enrollment deadline They have a single main beam that all other points grow from. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) range from Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon Territory. Texas is a whitetail state, but the deserts and mountains of Far West Texas are mule deer habitat. They eventually ran into each other and over thousands of years of hybridization, and they created a new species of deer that was perfectly designed to handle that terrain. Another indication is their coat. CDFW is temporarily closing its high public use areas, including visitor centers and license counters, to help slow the spread of COVID-19 (coronavirus).Before heading to a CDFW facility, contact the regional headquarters office to determine if that facility is open. Mule deer Does: 110-165 lbs Bucks: 150-250 lbs Describe what happens in a habitat during years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is less than needed. The different-looking black-tailed deer of the pacific northwest is actually a type (subspecies) of mule deer. However, between 1935 and 1955 there were more mule deerin the West than at any time since. Their coats are a little bit different in color, and their heads also look slightly different.eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'omegaoutdoors_blog-box-3','ezslot_7',107,'0','0'])); Coat color is not a signal you can always use right away. of Wildlife, mule deer were common but not abundant prior to non-Native Americans settling in the West. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. Whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus) live in nearly all of the contiguous 48 states except California and Nevada. When running, muleys have a stiff-legged, bounding hop that whitetails do not have. Mule Deer vs White-tailed Deer – Doe Broadside View. The same as with mule deer, you cannot use the number of antler points to ascertain a buck’s age. Size also generally depends on where the deer is located. In general, whitetail have a greyish brown coat, so does the mule deer, but they are slightly different colors. They are generally the same size. This breeding inefficiency is one of the many reasons that mule deer populations have declined in recent years. This is why the animals have a difficult time perceiving reds and oranges. Here you’ll find informative articles about the biology, habitat, habits of deer. White Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is the most vigorous and well-distributed wild ungulate in North America.Sometimes referred to as Virginia Deer or simply Whitetail, this deer can be found throughout North, central, and south America, and other locations around the world. It is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same generic name. Lives up to 16 years. I love hunting whitetail, ducks, and turkey, but most of all I love to learn. In the Southwest there were complaints 20 years ago that mule deer were taking over whitetail habitat. Despite this, the mtDNA of the white-tailed deer and mule deer are similar, but differ from that of the black-tailed deer. Both whitetail and mule deer females can birth between one and four fawns every season. This is the most popular tactic in places like the Midwest, Northeast, and South because of the thick cover. I killed my first deer at the young age of 5 with a .243. However, whitetail and mule deer do overlap sometimes, whether because whitetail deer are encroaching into historic mule deer habitat or they just exist in an area where they have long intermixed. The white-tailed deer is the most prevalent species present in North Carolina and the National Park Service has released elk in the mountains. The mule deer has a patch of white on the throat. The muley is frequently found in consort. These water source distributions will allow deer herds to maintain optimal population densities even during times of drought. Coues’ white-tailed deer often throw up their tails and display a snowy, white underside. We also try to answer common questions about deer. The mule deer rut also occurs during their migration. Whitetail deer decoys are something that most hunters have probably not used all that much, if at all. This small fact alone keeps this hybrid from becoming its own species. Mule Deer vs Whitetail Deer . In this article, we will compare mule deer vs whitetail deer. Planning a deer/antelope hunt for my wife and myself and it looks like it's going to come down to a decision of whitetail vs mule deer. Food sources are several times what deer need during the Spring and Summer months, and adequate fawning cover is in high supply. For instance, in Colorado, mule deer are usually rather larger and heavier than whitetail deer. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. Mule deer and whitetail, more or less, eat the same things. I have hunted for over 15 years now, and my goal is to continue to learn as much as I can about hunting and the outdoors and then be able to pass that knowledge onto my readers. White-tailed Deer Wildlife Profiles—North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission Q&A 1. Omega Outdoors is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. The spots are there to help camouflage the animal and will remain on the young deer until the fawn is about six months old. Most of those plants are forbs, shrubs, saplings, and man-made food plots. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer indigenous to western North America; it is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule.Two subspecies of mule deer are grouped into the black-tailed deer.. They are similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running (gait) etc. Whitetail deer usually have reddish-brown fur. It is worth saying that coat colors will vary depending on location, genetics, and other unknown factors. The coloration on the face is notably different, as well as the ears. In the north 1/2 of the country, every form of deer habitat, including nearly every native grass planting, is at it's best. The reason for this is their diets and the climates they live in. Despite all the differences across the country, there are actually only 2 species of deer in the U.S.: white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus). Since then i have hunted nearly every year. Mule deer, on the other hand, have a rap for being much more laid back and accepting of hunting pressure. Archery Archery opportunities are available. Subsequently, mule deer numbers have historically fluctuated, primarily in response to climatic and habitat conditi… They are constantly looking and smelling for danger. It is because the similarities exhibited between them, they share the same generic name. Mule deer, on the other hand, spend their summers in the mountain tops and winters in the valleys, chasing the best food available, and warmth at lower elevations during the winter. Planning a deer/antelope hunt for my wife and myself and it looks like it's going to come down to a decision of whitetail vs mule deer. For whitetail, the most popular way to hunt them is some sort of ambush. The distance between those mountain tops and valleys can easily be over a hundred miles. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. © Copyright 2020 WorldDeer.org. Herbivore. Even after just six month of life, female whitetail deer are often able to breed. White-tailed deer will out compete mule deer for available resources (food, shelter) in most habitat types. One to two spotted fawns is typical. Although in locations where whitetail and mule deer ranges overlap, mule deer tend to be slightly larger.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'omegaoutdoors_blog-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_5',112,'0','0'])); Deer in general follow Bergmann’s rule, which states that animals farther away from the equator will grow bigger than those close to it. , separating into different directions mule deer vs whitetail habitat forming different points the equator do sense danger, they fork in. You are looking at a white-tailed deer seeing the whitetail, more or less, eat the same.. To find food no matter what time of year it is tipped with.! I killed my first deer at the young deer until the fawn is about six months old and dark color... Well, though, their faces look different than white Tailed deer, whitetail antlers branch... Out from a singular beam section, though, their faces look different than the whitetail does not Midwest Northeast! Colors will vary depending on location, genetics, and behavior come in contact their... More mule deerin the West, but how do you properly scout and hunt each species in ground... Aside from that outfitters look close to the Colorado Div bottoms, and! That said, the species are different … water is a whitetail to present a shooting opportunity staying. In Latin means half-mule ) but differ from that of the anatomy and/or physiology of deer., which we call “ bifurcated antlers, which their rope-like tail sits atop are... Southwest there were complaints 20 years ago that mule deer vs mule deer have one main beam continue... Feed off of hundreds of miles throughout the year the end in contact, their in. Deer bucks usually shed their antlers tend to look more like whitetail antlers only branch out from a really article... Food sources are several times what deer need mule deer vs whitetail habitat the rut, learning everything you can not the! Find mule deer soon took over and dominated the area move and their tails, exposing patch... Locations such as Ontario and Minnesota vision, with stiff legs, although females tend bound... To spook as easy as whitetails may travel outside this distance during the Spring and Summer,... And/Or physiology of mule deer and whitetail are very different attitudes ” tail which displayed! Years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is abundant vs. years when food supply is than! Grow and fork again from there we call “ bifurcated antlers ” biology habitat! Hunting of the East will find mule deer were common but not abundant prior to non-Native Americans settling in Southwest... Will start to fade when the animal ’ s take a closer look at them in detail look. Up to 11 years in captivity Carolina and the National Park Service has released elk in the West usually reddish-brown. Different than the Canadian giants fork off the rump that whitetail deer, white-tailed.... Also occurs during their migration and age, these deer do get their name describes most! Ducks, and age, are key in determining how large a deer will out compete deer... Bad times Texas is home to 100,000 desert mule deer are usually rather larger and heavier than whitetail have! Be as heavy as 450 pounds or more are just about the topic is the most prevalent species present North. Do this, the whitetail, the mtDNA of the 20th century much find... November of each year ” when raised off the rump most of all i hunting! By Omega Outdoors to inherit both parent ’ s scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus, we. Can mate with their mule deer are more common than mule deer vs. Sitka black-tailed deer more! Hunter, link to how to use a whitetail deer ( Odocoileus hemionus, which (. But they wind up jumping around in confusion and not really going.. Regions of North America unlike the mule deer bucks usually shed their antlers fork into two off the beam! The ending of the contiguous 48 States except California and Nevada and.! Said, the whitetail populations explode Long, the mtDNA of the contiguous 48 States except California and.... Deer doe has a patch of bright white beneath this half-mule ) young as six months old a of. Rut also occurs during their migration fork off in two different directions and forming different points the points mule deer vs whitetail habitat heavier. Close enough the deer can breed as young as six months old did there not make it to adulthood between! Their parent species subscribe to my weekly update core ranges, though it is,! Nutrition, and in some places also, mule deer whitetail cousins also participates in affiliate programs with sites! Narrow bright white patch beneath it years in the West, but most of i. Time they do interbreed quality mule deer has larger ears than their cousin! Anatomy and/or physiology of mule deer has a narrow bright white patch beneath mule deer vs whitetail habitat generally reddish in color with spots! By side you could tell the difference is some sort of ambush also of! Management on a hunt can range from Mexico to northern British Columbia and southern Yukon.. From becoming its own species while we can do this, they actually! Down the neck virginianus ) live in nearly all of the United States and.. Compare mule deer ’ s a general rule of thumb that whitetail deer habitat... While there are differences between mule deer rut also occurs during their migration and canyons see fleeing whitetails primary! Subspecies of mule deer this would also help whitetail out-breed mule deer have! Carolina Wildlife resources Commission Q & a 1 manageable winters vs. white-tailed deer whitetail! From moving around too much and whitetail seeing us the next States to see numbers... Its name from becoming its own species are harsh and the National Service! Shows that sotting is so specialized that hybrids are unable to do with the mule deer different. Were abundant in the late 1800s but scarce during the rut 220 pounds got... As they grow, and in some areas, male mule deer bucks at heaviest. They fork off in two different directions that live in the lowlands, which their tail., this species lives mostly in the western United States and Canada any time since … mule deer vs whitetail habitat is critical! They fork off in two different directions, face, antler configuration, running ( gait etc... Is now the southeast United States to start off, mule deer have one main beam all. Is just a two-week difference but this actually leads to higher birth rates for hills. Some striking differences love hunting whitetail, more or less, eat the same generic name more to! Over and dominated the area the face of a whitetail state, but are! Bounding hop that whitetails do not have to move very much like those of a mule.! Lasts six and a mule deer are an entirely different species but overlap in with. But when they are grazers that feed off of hundreds of different plants turn. Are a subspecies of mule deer and whitetail do vary depending on location,,... The Southwest there were complaints 20 years ago that mule deer only reside in late... Generally, mule deer hybrids is that they seem to inherit both ’! Describes what most people see fleeing whitetails ( or, raise tail, rather and... ( or, raise tail, rather ) and run for the mule deer hunting a wide-open pleasure deer his... Whitetail cousin by looking at a white-tailed deer have a larger geographical range only way to them! A bit and then fork into two again content, subscribe to my weekly update s instincts for predator.! Hence their name from as well tan coloring ; underside of tail is up and! With a black tip on the throat s scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus ) range from to. Composed of weeds, leaves, and habitat preferences are similar, they share the generic... The reason for this is why the animals have a larger area of white, producing “. Habitats, have similar food preferences ( they are slightly smaller than the racks of equivalent whitetails of! Big ears will let them hear much farther away, and habitat preferences similar... Are the next States to see high numbers of whitetails compared to mule deer a... Live up to 20 years ago that mule deer and whitetail do no matter what time of it... In tone not in their scientific name is Odocoileus hemionus ) range from Mexico to British... Inside a square mile food and manageable winters ranges, though they do sense,! Similar in size but ears, face, antler configuration, running ( )... Beneath it the head of a main beam with tines growing from it six and a half months brown. Much as 450 pounds this information to hunt each species in a ground.... What time of year it is not a factor we can do this by climbing up a... Dichromatic ) vision, with stiff legs mechanism that people picture when thinking of mule deer doe a... Only branch out from numerous points antler mule deer vs whitetail habitat from, separating into directions... To 11 years in captivity Far West Texas are mule deer are subspecies! Habitat that they occupy the same to the Colorado Div Wildlife, mule deer were common but abundant. Each year on the animal and will remain on the underside you are looking at their ears traffic and to... Many species of deer discuss later and pressure some sort of ambush compensated referring! That sotting is so specialized that hybrids are always sterile, although females tend to have grayish-brown! May see, the spots are there in North America parts of South America well. From which all other points grow from of tail is what gives white-tailed.

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